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Brief History of RA. Kartini

Brief History of RA. Kartini

Kartini was born in 1879, april 21st. her father, RMAA Sosronigrat was wedana ( Assistant of Head of Jepara Regency Government) of mayong  sub-district. Her mother, MA Ngasirah was a girl from Teluk Awor  village. Her father merried her mother in 1872. Kartini’s grandparents from her mother side were a great moslem leader, named Kyai Haji Modirono and Hajjah Sti Aminah.

RMAA sosoningrat’s second wife, named R.A Woeryan is a daughter of RAA Tjitrowikromo (the foemer Head of Jepara Regency Government before Sosroningrat). Sosroningrat had eleven children from both his 1st and 2nd wife.

The fist pure air breathed by Kartini was Mayong village air (a village located 22 km southward of town center). She was born by MA Ngasirah, an ordinary women merried by sosroningrat. Kartini’s eyes when she’s  a baby shined bright, as if she was watching the future.

The days passed by, she lived her childhood cheerfully and she became an energetic girl. For her energetic activity, her father called her “TRINIL”. In 1880 Kartini’s sister was born by RA woeryan (RMAA Sosroningrat second wife) and named R.A Roekmini. A year later RMAA Sosrningrat was pointed as a head of Jepara Regency Government. He and His family then moved from Mayong to Jepara and lived in Jepara City Hall Complex.

In the same year, Kartini’s second sister was born and named R.A Kardinah, Kartini was so happy because of here two sisters. Environment of Jepara City Hall gave big chance for kartini to devolep her activity.

Kartini’s curiousness made her parents Pay huge attention to her growth. She was a creative and smart girl, not like her two sisters. Because of her leadership, she rarely argued with her two sisters. She and her two sister were called “TIGA SERANGKAI”.
RMAA Sosroningrat often took them to tour by horse carriage visiting some place in Jepara Area. This tour was purposed to teach Kartini And her two sisters how to face and interact with the ordinary people.

When she was in Europe Lagere School, she showed her great ability. Her skill in learning dutch language was excellent no wonder if she could compete with dutch students both boys and girls.

In a day off, Kartini and her two sisters were asked to accompany Mrs. Ovink Soer and her husband visiting bandengan beach. Bandengan beach is located on Bandengan village, 7 km northward of Jepara town center. The beach was often described by Kartini in her letters which she sent to her penpall in Netherland. She and her two sister followed Mrs Ovink Soer searching for cockle shells. Mrs. Ovink Soer asked Kartini About the beach’s name, and replied by Kartini that the name of the beach is Bandengan.

Then Mrs Ovink Soer then told that told that in Nedherland there’s also a beach looks like Bandengan called “klein schevenigen.” Spontaneously Kartini had an idea to name Bandengan as “klein Schevenigen.”

Few years leter finishing her study in Europe lagere school, R.A Kartini’s Willing to continue her study in higher level but unfortunately she faced Javanese traditional rule which forbids woman to go to school. Moreover she’s a noble girl, she had to be secluded according to Javanese traditional rule called “pingitan”.

According to Javanese traditional rule, a teenage girl has to be secluded and limited her axtivity, including Kartini. During her “Pingitan time” (a time where a teenage girl is kept inside the hours and forbidden to go out until a man propose her), Kartini spent her time by reading book which she got from her relative. She believed that sadness and crying would not change anything.

She ever also asked a scholarship to dutch government and it was approved by the dutch, but finally the scholarship was given to H. Agus Salim (one of Indonesian national hero).

Although she was not able to continue her study to higher level but by her knowledge that she got by reading, she was able to establish school in backyard of Jepara city hall for local people.

In November 12, 1903 Kartini was getting to be merried with head of Rembang Regency Government named Adipati Djojodiningrat. According to Javanese tradition Kartini had to follow to her husband’s resident in Rembang Regency. She felt very home sick during her 7th month pregnancy.  Though her already amused her by singing Javanese traditional music instrument but she get any better.

In September 13, 1904 Kartini gave birth a baby boy named Singgih. Giving a birth, her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on September 17, 1904 on her 25 year old aged.

Now R.A Kartini has gone, but her dream and spirit will always be in our heart. Nowadays Indonesian women progress in hugely influenced by Kartini’s spirit stated on her valuable book “Habis Gelat terbitlah Terang”.

History of RA. Kartini

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